Those working in logistics recognise that the existence of non-optimized warehouses and distribution centres is more frequent than would be desired.
1) Organisation by product family and rotation
Storage areas must be arranged in accordance
2) Fixed location by reference
A product (reference) should be stored in one location, ie, no duplicate locations for the same reference. This location should be stable so as to create work habits. These should, however, be periodically reviewed according to the rotation. If the amount requires more than one location by reference, a visual management system with backup references should be used.
3) Flexible Layout
The provision of storage must be flexible, allowing the locations to be changed easily and providing extra capacity both in terms of available locations and in terms of machinery for handling stockpile. Flexibility should also strengthen the existence of inbound and outbound routes.
4) Standardisation and Visual Management
The focus on standardisation and visual management improves the basic organisation of the job. It helps create working habits on operators by improving the productivity of storage tasks, such as replacement or picking, as well as facilitating the introduction of new improvements.
5) Operation Control
A clear definition of team performance indicators, alongside with the allocation of responsibilities to the team and the simplification and optimisation of the workflow are some of the aspects that will help keep the operation under control.
6) Error Control System
All references and corresponding storage locations must have implemented a permanent error control system in order to make visible the problems (eg low or wrong locations or stock breaks), ensuring that corrective actions are taken and avoiding recurrence in future.
7) Accessibility, Ergonomics and Safety
Accessibility, ergonomics and safety are compelling aspects. Make the products accessible through the corridor; storing heavy products in a low position (the hip point) in order to facilitate the picking, identify products with labels facing the access corridors and bet on appropriate handling equipment.